Σεμινάριο την Παρασκευή 2 Απριλίου 2021 στις 17:15: “A binary search scheme for determining all contaminated specimens”, Vassilis Papanicolaou, NTUA

Summary: Specimens are collected from $N$ different sources. Each specimen has probability $p$ of being contaminated (e.g., by SARS-CoV-2, in which case $p$ is the prevalence rate), independently of the other specimens. Suppose we can apply group testing, namely take small portions from several specimens, mix them together, and test the mixture for contamination, so that if the test turns positive, then at least one of the samples in the mixture is contaminated. In this work we give a detailed probabilistic analysis of a binary search scheme for determining all contaminated specimens. More precisely, we study the number $T(N)$ of tests required in order to find all the contaminated specimens, if this search scheme is applied. We derive recursive and, in some cases, explicit formulas for the expectation, the variance, and the characteristic function of $T(N)$. Also, we determine the asymptotic behavior of the moments of $T(N)$ as $N \to \infty$ and from that  we obtain the limiting distribution of $T(N)$ (appropriately normalized), which turns out to be normal

Σύνδεσμος: https://meet.google.com/sru-gxoc-gzw